Kwheeler
Katy Wheeler is a Lecturer in Sociology at Essex University. She has extensive experience of conducting qualitative research, including focus groups, household interviews, expert interviews, diaries and documents. Her research interests are in the fields of sustainability and consumption and she has published widely within leading academic journals and two books, Fair-Trade and the Citizen-Consumer: Shopping for Justice (Palgrave, 2012) and Recycling and Consumption Work: Social and moral economies (Palgrave, 2015). She is currently pursuing projects on craft consumption and moral consumer education.
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Bethany Morgan Brett is a Senior Lecturer in Psychosocial Studies at The University of East London. She worked for nine years at the UK Data Archive and so also specialises in secondary analysis and research data management. Her publications and current research interests are in the field of sociology of the life-course, ageing, intergenerational relationships, psychoanalysis and psychosocial studies. Her current research is The Impossible Choice Project, which is exploring how people make decisions of care for and with older parents.

Course Content: This is a course which aims to introduce participants to a variety of qualitative methods and gives them opportunities to practically apply them. The course is intended for those people with little or no experience of qualitative methods and will explore how and why these methods are useful. The course will focus on four key methods – in-depth interviewing, focus groups, participant observation and secondary analysis. We will discuss the key features of each of these methods and participants will gain experience of using them first-hand. The course will start with an introduction to qualitative research and will move on to practical considerations when planning a research project, including the important issues of research ethics and consent. Participants will be asked to conduct an in-depth interview, a focus group and an observation and they will be encouraged to reflect upon this process. They will then be introduced to different approaches to data analysis. Many funding bodies now ask that publicly-funded research data is deposited within an archive and this course will conclude with tips on how to prepare data for re-use, as well as an overview of secondary qualitative data analysis.

Course objectives: The aim of this course is to equip participants with the skills and confidence to conduct their own research projects using qualitative methods. The course is particularly well-suited for participants who are at the beginning of their research, but it will also appeal to those who are already using qualitative methods and seeking to deepen their knowledge and skills of the key methods covered (in-depth interviews, focus groups, participant observation and secondary analysis). By the end of the course, participants should understand the principles behind and practicalities of doing qualitative research.

Course prerequisites
No prior knowledge or experience of using qualitative methods is assumed.

We request that participants register with The UK Data Archive in advance of the course: http://data-archive.ac.uk/sign-up
Required texts
Braun, V. & Clarke, V. (2013) Successful Qualitative Research: a practical guide for beginners, London: Sage.

Representative Background Reading
Barbour, R. (2014) Introducing Qualitative Research: A student’s guide, London: Sage

Bloor, M., Frankland, J., Thomas, M., and Robson, K. (2001) Focus Groups in Social
Research. London: Sage.

Corti, L., Witzel, A. and Bishop, L. (eds.) (2005) ‘Secondary analysis of qualitative data’,
Forum Qualitative Sozialforschung/Forum: Qualitative Social Research, 6(1),
qualitativeresearch.net/fqs/fqs-e/inhalt1-05-e.htm.

Kvale, S., (1996) InterViews: An Introduction to Qualitative Research Interviewing. London:
Sage.

Lofland, J., Snow, D., Anderson, L. & Lofland, L. (2006) Analysing social settings: A guide to qualitative observation and analysis, London: Wadsworth.

Mason, J. (2002) Qualitative Researching. 2nd edition Sage

Ritchie, J., Lewis, J. Nicholls, C. & Ormston, R. (eds.) (2013) Qualitative Research Practice, 2nd Edition. London: Sage

Week 1

Day 1: Introduction to Qualitative Research
Welcome and introduction to the course

General introduction to qualitative research principles
Icebreakers

Day 2: Planning your research project
Practicalities of conducting qualitative research, focusing on issues of
ethics, safety and consent
Practical session: Designing consent forms for your own interviews

Day 3: Qualitative Interviewing
Interviewing skills
Practical session: Designing an interview guide

Follow-up: Set-up and conduct an interview

Day 4: (A) Transcribing interviews

(B) Observation
How to use observational research, including visual methods

Day 5: Focus groups
Moderating and running a focus group
Practical session: Running mini-focus groups

Tasks to be completed for the beginning of Week 2
– Conduct an observation of a social situation and type it up as a PowerPoint presentation
– Conduct an interview with another class member/ summer school participant
– Transcribe interview.

Week 2

Day 6: Reflecting on the research process
Practical session: Sharing experiences of observations.

Day 7: Secondary Analysis and Analysing Documents
Exploring how to source and analyse secondary qualitative data.
Practical Session: Evaluating your interviews

Day 8: Introduction to coding and data analysis
Key principles of qualitative data analysis
Practical session: Swap transcripts and devise an index to guide coding and analysis

Day 9: Using CAQDAS packages
Using Computer-Assisted Qualitative Data Analysis (CAQDAS) packages

Day 10: Writing up your findings
Critical appraisal of a qualitative journal article
Course Close
One to one surgery for students to discuss any existing concerns they may have

Required reading – This book will be provided by the Summer School as part of your course material.

Barbour, R. (2013) Introducing Qualitative Research: A student’s guide, Second edition. Sage.

Further Reading

Barbour, R. (2014) Introducing Qualitative Research: A student’s guide, London: Sage

Barbour, S. and Eley, S. (eds.) (2007) ‘Refereed special section: reusing qualitative data’, Sociological Research Online, 12(3), www.socresonline.org.uk/12/3/contents.html.

Bloor, M., Frankland, J., Thomas, M., and Robson, K. (2001) Focus Groups in Social Research. London: Sage

Bryman, A. and Burgess, R.G. (1994) Analyzing Qualitative Data London: Routledge.

Corti, L., Witzel, A. and Bishop, L. (eds.) (2005) ‘Secondary analysis of qualitative data’, Forum Qualitative Sozialforschung/Forum: Qualitative Social Research, 6(1), qualitative-research.net/fqs/fqs-e/inhalt1-05-e.htm.

Mason, J. (2002) Qualitative Researching. 2nd edition, London: Sage

Hammersley, M. (1998) What’s wrong with Ethnography? London : Routledge

Hammersley, M. and Atkinson, P. (2003) Ethnography: Principles and Practice (2nd edition) London: Routledge.

Holliday, A. (2002) Doing and Writing Qualitative Research, Sage

Kreuger, R.A. (1997) Moderating Focus Groups. Sage (Practical advice)

Kvale, S., (1996) InterViews: An Introduction to Qualitative Research Interviewing. London: Sage

Lewins, A and Silver, C (2007) Using software in qualitative research – a step-by-step guide. London: Sage

Lofland, J., Snow, D., Anderson, L. & Lofland, L. (2006) Analysing social settings: A guide to qualitative observation and analysis, London: Wadsworth.

Lyon, D., Morgan-Brett, B. and Crow, G. (2012) ‘ Working with material from the Sheppey archive’, International Journal of Social Research Methodology, 15(4) [Special Issue: Perspectives on working with archived textual and visual material in social research], pp.301-309.

Miles, M. B. and Huberman, A. M. (1994) Qualitative data analysis: An expanded sourcebook, London: Sage

Morgan, D.L. (1997) Focus Groups as Qualitative Research. London: Sage

Patton, M.Q. (2002) Qualitative Evaluation and Research Methods London: Sage.

Ritchie, J., Lewis, J. Nicholls, C. & Ormston, R. (eds.) (2013) Qualitative Research Practice, 2nd Edition. London: Sage

Rubin, H.J., and Rubin, I. S., (2004) Qualitative Interviewing: The Art of Hearing Data. 2nd Edition. Sage.

Seale, C., (1999) The Quality of Qualitative Research. London: Sage.

Silverman, D. (2000) Doing Qualitative Research London: Sage.

Silverman D (2001). Interpreting Qualitative Data: Methods for Analysing Talk, Text and Interaction. London: Sage

Strauss, A. L. and Corbin (1998) Basics of Qualitative Research Thousand Oaks: Sage